The National Eligibility Test (NET) is held twice in every year. This exam is jointly organized by University Grant Commission (UGC) and Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).

The CSIR and UGC provide CSIR/UGC Research Fellowship to bright young men and women for training in methods of research under expert guidance of faculty members/scientists working in University Departments/ National Laboratories and Institutions in various fields of Science.

The CSIR/UGC fellowships are tenable in Universities/IITs/NITs/Govt. Research organizations including those of the CSIR, Research & Development establishments of recognized public or private sector industrial firms and other recognized institutions. However, CSIR reserves right to determine the place best suited to provide necessary facilities in the area of science and technology in which the awardees are to specialize. The CSIR/UGC Fellowship is tenable in India. Only bonafide Indian citizen residing in India are eligible for the award of Junior Research fellowships.

This Test also determines the eligibility of candidates (i.e. it is eligibility criteria only) for Lectureship positions in Indian Universities/Colleges. Those who qualify for JRF are eligible for Lectureship also. Some aspirants are declared successful in eligibility for Lectureship (NET) category only, based on their performance in the test. The award of CSIR/UGC Fellowship is for fixed tenure and does not imply any assurance or guarantee for subsequent employment by CSIR/UGC to the beneficiary.